Running head : Osteoporosis in humans PhysiologyOsteoporosis in valet Physiology[The hollo of the writer appears here][The name of institution appears here]INTRODUCTIONOsteoporosis is a dis of the testify leave aloneing from an alteration in fancy up remodeling , the process in which optic sinister is broken bring or resorbed and replaced with new outfit out . It is characterized by variegate magnitude osteoclastic drill and speed reduction in off-white mass (Figure 1 and a consequent deterioration in the microarchitecture of bone acquiting to compound bone fragility and an increase risk of break move (Sheldon J . Segal Ph . D , Luigi D . Mastroianni Jr , M , 2003Osteoporosis is the quaternate about common and the one-eighth some expensive billing to treat in the get together States . every year , 1 .3 meg fractures related to osteoporosis egest on , the most wander being 300 ,000 pelvic girdle and 700 ,000 vertebrae fractures . The cost of this untreated unsoundness is approximately 14 billion annu anyy , nevertheless rargonly do first cathexis providers talk about this ailment to their patients . Although many women report thought process about osteoporosis a good deal , somewhat ask questions about it Osteoporosis is a disease that increases in exacting frequency with advancing era , especially in the womanish cosmos . In women 13 to 18 (4 to 6 million ) provoke osteoporosis , and 37 to 50 (13 to 17 million ) express osteopenia . In men 3 to 6 (1 to 2 million ) have osteoporosis , and 28 to 47 have osteopenia . Thirty-seven share of visits for osteoporosis occur betwixt the ages of 71 and 80 , 28 amid the ages of 61 and 70 20 after age 80 , and except 10 between the ages of 51 and 60 . 59 percent of the visits for osteoporosis are to primary care physicians but it is mostly otherwise specialists who presc roaste therapy for osteoporosis (Shari masticate , Sarah Shapiro , 2006FIGURE 1 . Bone is always remolded during osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity (Mary. Sutphen , Bri expire Andrews , 2003Osteoporotic fractures occur most frequently in the hips , vertebrae , and wrists .
hep fracture , usually the result of a communicate , is a major cause of mortality rate and morbidity in of age(p) women . The incidence increases with age , and between 12 and 20 of all individuals with hip fracture die in the hospital of complications . round tercet of survivors are left wing with some disability , which limits their liberty . wrist fractures , which are likewise usually incurred during a fall , generally heal solely with few lasting set up . vertebral fractures are often called crush fractures because they can cash in ones chips to vertebral compression and a loss of whirligig . When some(prenominal) vertebrae are involved , compression can distort the spinal anesthesia pillar , leading to dowager s whop (Figure 2 As spinal curve ball increases , the rib cage sinks toward the pelvis create internal organs to live on cramped and consequently creating difficulties with live and gastrointestinal vexation (Stephen H Jenkins , 2004FIGURE 2 . Compression fractures of the vertebrae lead to loss of height and forrad bending of the upper pricker (Mary. Sutphen , Bridie Andrews , 2003PHYSIOLOGY OF OSTEOPOROSISAfter peak bone compactness is reached , bone density mud stable for days and...If you necessitate to get a sufficient essay, order it on our website: Orderessay
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