Italy, less mountainous and more fertile than Greece, almost bisects the Mediterranean, and was and thusly potentially positioned to dominate that inland sea, and under Rome it did so. The Greeks to the southernmost and the Etruscans to the north were early influences, and the latter commandd Rome during the one-sixth hundred B.C. In 509 B.C. the papistics expelled the Etruscans establishing a republic. There were various magistrates, with two consuls at the apex. The Senate of 300 was not formally a legislature, notwithstanding its advice came to chip in the force of justice. The several assemblies were dominated by the mystifying a couple of(prenominal). Rome was a republic, unless one encounterd by an aristocratic oligarchy. papistic citizens were divided into two groups, or orders, the some patricians and the many plebs. At the beginning of the Republic the former had the power, only from the early fifth century the two orders struggled with each other . everyplace time, through the Roman genius for political compromise, the unwasheds gained influence, including a plebeian assembly, the right to become magistrates, and intermarriage, but most of the advantages went to the richer plebeians. Rome to a fault struggled with its neighbors, but not so peacefully. By 264 B.C. Rome was the black market of Italy.
Roman diplomacy was as important as its armies, and its rule was softened by allowing local autonomy and gradually granting Roman citizenship to non-Romans. The next challenge was Carthage and its empire in Africa and Spain. Three wars were fought (the treacherous Wars: 264-241, 218-202, and 149-146 B.C.), with Rome the victor. In the east, Rome conquered Macedo! nia in 148 B.C., taking oer Greece. As the text states, there was no imperial get over plan. Its empire resulted from a combination of factors, including sheer opportunism. The increasingly larger Roman army played a major and unvarying role in Romes expanding empire. Religion and constabulary permeated Roman life. Ritual was at the focus of religion, for ritual formal the correct...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderEssay.net
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